Shoulder Impingement Syndrome
WHAT IS SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT SYNDROME?
Shoulder impingement occurs as the result of repetitive compression or “impingement” of the rotator-cuff tendons in the shoulder. This impingement on the tendons causes pain and movement problems in the shoulder. If left untreated, shoulder impingement can lead to a more serious condition such as a rotator cuff tear.
Also referred to as:
- Swimmer’s Shoulder
- Thrower’s Shoulder
- Tennis Shoulder
- Rotator Cuff Tendonitis
- Subacromial Impingement
- Painful Arc Syndrome
- Supraspinatus Syndrome
SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS
- Sports Injuries: Athletes who participate in repetitive overhead movements such as a baseball pitchers, weightlifters, golfers and swimmers are more susceptible to this shoulder injury.
- Bony abnormalities of the acromion that narrow the subacromial space.
- Osteoarthritis of the shoulder.
- Weak rotator cuff and shoulder blade muscle strength, causing the humeral head to move abnormally.
- Thickening of the bursa and/or ligaments in the shoulder.
- Tightness of the soft tissue around the shoulder joint called the joint capsule.
- An injured rotator cuff can sometimes cause the humerus to move and impinge the tendon.
- Poor Posture can also contribute to shoulder impingement development.
SYMPTOMS OF SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT:
- Pain when participating in sports that involve throwing and dynamic movement patterns
- Loss in shoulder motion
- A feeling of weakness in the shoulder when reaching overhead
- Pain in the shoulder when moving the arm overhead, out to the side, and beside the body.
- Difficulty when trying to sleep on the involved side.
WHEN SURGERY IS NECESSARY:
When experiencing chronic shoulder pain, or have just sustained a shoulder related injury, you should contact Dr. Madsen for a diagnosis and treatment. Early diagnosis of a shoulder impingement can help speed up recovery time and prevent the impingement from turning into a rotator cuff tear, so you can get back to doing what you love.
To diagnose a shoulder impingement, Dr. Madsen may perform a minimally invasive technique known as arthroscopy.