Common Shoulder Surgeries:
ROTATOR CUFF SURGERY
The rotator cuff surgery is performed to repair a torn tendon in the shoulder. This shoulder surgery is done either by a large open incision or a smaller, arthroscopic (using a small camera) incision, depending on the injury. After the incision is made, the tissue is repaired and any bone spurs are removed. To repair the cuff, the tendons are reattached to the bone using small rivets (sutures). The sutures are attached to the rivets to anchor the tendon back in place. A sling is worn for 4-6 weeks following surgery. Recovery can take 4-6 months and includes physical therapy.
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SLAP TEAR TREATMENT
SLAP tear treatment is necessary to repair the labrum, the cartilage that surrounds the shoulder joint. These shoulder procedures are performed by arthroscopy, using a camera and several small incisions. Once the doctor can see the injury, the repair may include removing the damaged labrum or reattaching the torn part with stitches. Following the procedure, a sling may be worn for 2-4 weeks. Athletes can typically resume sports 3-4 months after procedure.
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SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT TREATMENT
Between the rotator cuff and the top of the upper arm bone (acromion) is a lubricating sac, or bursa. Shoulder impingement is when the rotator cuff rubs against the acromion and bursa, causing shoulder pain. Surgery is performed to relieve pain by removing part of the bursa or even part of the acromion. The treatment is either performed by minimally invasive arthroscopy, using a camera and small incisions, or by a larger, open incision. Usually, bone and tissues are removed from the acromion or bursal area. Recovery can take 2-4 months and includes physical therapy.
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SHOULDER ARTHRITIS TREATMENT:
Shoulder arthritis, or osteoarthritis, occurs when the smooth cartilage wears away and the bones in the shoulder rub together. Painful bone spurs (bony growths) and inflammation can occur as a result. Treatments include shoulder arthroscopy, which removes damaged cartilage using a camera and small incisions, where the joint is cleaned out. Shoulder osteotomy is when the shoulder joint bones are shaved down to relieve friction. Shoulder arthroplasty is a procedure that replaces the main shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) with an artificial one. Hemiarthroplasty is a partial shoulder bone replacement. Recovery length is dependent upon the treatment performed.
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